Acnes is one of human's dreadful experiences that we're are sure everybody is familiar with. Acne comes with puberty when oil glands has been stimulated by a male hormone dwell deep both in men and women called “Estrogen”. While oil is a natural substance which lubricates and protects our skin, overproduction of oil can lead to a breakout. There are so many reasons we get acnes, and one of them is from the fact that our skin produces too much oil and they got clog underneath the skin. They soon become good source of nutrition for bacteria (which resides on our skin and generally cause no problem until overproduction of oil becomes food for them) that caused acne.
- Blackheads (open comedones) : Blackheads occur when a pore is clogged by a combination of sebum and dead skin cells. The top of the pore stays open, despite the rest of it being clogged. This results in the characteristic black color seen on the surface.
- Whiteheads (closed comedones): Whiteheads can also form when a pore gets clogged by sebum and dead skin cells. But unlike with blackheads, the top of the pore closes up. It looks like a small bump protruding from the skin. Whiteheads are more difficult to treat because the pores are already closed.
Pimples that are red and swollen are referred to as inflammatory acne. Although sebum and dead skin cells contribute to inflammatory acne, bacteria can also play a role in clogging up pores. Bacteria can cause an infection deep beneath the skin’s surface. This may result in painful acne spots that are hard to get rid of.
- Papules : Papules occur when the walls surrounding your pores break down from severe inflammation. This results in hard, clogged pores that are tender to the touch. The skin around these pores is usually pink.
- Pustules :Pustules can also form when the walls around your pores break down. Unlike papules, pustules are filled with pus. These bumps come out from the skin and are usually red in color. They often have yellow or white heads on top.
- Nodules : Nodules occur when clogged, swollen pores endure further irritation and grow larger. Unlike pustules and papules, nodules are deeper underneath the skin. Because nodules are so deep within the skin, you can’t typically treat them at home. Prescription medication is necessary to help clear these up.
- Cysts : Cysts can develop when pores are clogged by a combination of bacteria, sebum, and dead skin cells. The clogs occur deep within the skin and are further below the surface than nodules. These large red or white bumps are often painful to the touch. Cysts are the largest form of acne, and their formation usually results from a severe infection. This type of acne is also the most likely to scar.
Since everyone does get acnes, more or less depends on both internal and external factors. However, the question is when should they be treated out of our lives: the best answer we can give is when you think they are uncontrollable and mentally disturb your personal activities. Here are some treatment under our Board-Certified Dermatologist treats at nirunda clinic
- Medicine and Topical cream will prescribe by our dermatologist
- Acne injection – by using Cortisone to make inflammatory pimples and cysts flatten out faster.
- Laser treatments – ISOLAZ and Lux-V Laser could be boasted as the safest and most effective way of curing acnes
- Chemical peeling – is an optional treatment that helps boosting the end result from other treatments which dermatologists usually recommend pairing the treatment with others.
- Blue light therapy – helps and reduces inflamed acne by killing the bacteria, which is the cause of inflammation.